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​Dried Fruits from Uzbekistan: From Selection to Export

Uzbekistan is a land of sun-kissed fruits and rich history. For centuries, the people of Uzbekistan have been growing and drying fruits, creating a delicious and nutritious export that is enjoyed by people all over the world.

​Selection and Processing

The selection of dried fruits for export is a critical step in the process. Uzbekistan’s climate and soil are a veritable paradise for fruit growing, and the country produces a wide variety of fruits, including grapes, apricots, figs, raisins, and almonds.

Fruits for export are carefully selected at the peak of ripeness. They are then transported to processing facilities, where they are inspected for quality and processed to ensure that they meet strict phytosanitary standards.

​Fruit drying

The drying process is the most important step in the production of dried fruits. The fruits must be dried to the correct moisture content, which will determine their shelf life and quality.

There are a variety of methods for drying fruits, including sun drying, mechanical drying, and vacuum drying. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages.

  • Sun drying is the oldest and most traditional method. It is a simple process that uses the sun’s heat to dry the fruits. Sun-dried fruits often have a deep, rich flavor and aroma.

  • Mechanical drying is a more efficient method that uses heat and air to dry the fruits. This method allows for greater control over the drying process, which can help to preserve the nutrients in the fruits.

  • Vacuum drying is a newer method that uses a vacuum to remove moisture from the fruits. This method is gentle on the fruits, helping to preserve their flavor and texture.

​Export Markets

Uzbekistan exports dried fruits to a wide range of countries, including Russia, China, the United States, and Europe. The country’s exports of dried fruits have grown significantly in recent years, and they are expected to continue to grow in the future.

Dried fruits from Uzbekistan are popular in a variety of cuisines. They are often used in baking, salads, and desserts.

​Interesting Facts

  1. The country is the world’s leading producer of dried apricots.

  2. Uzbekistan’s dried fruit exports accounted for approximately $1.5 billion in 2022.

  3. The government of Uzbekistan is investing in the development of the country’s dried fruit industry. This includes the construction of new processing facilities and the expansion of existing ones.

  4. Dried fruits are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They can help to improve heart health, reduce the risk of cancer, and promote weight loss.

  5. Dried fruits are a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes. They can be eaten on their own, added to baked goods, or used in salads and desserts.


Uzbekistan’s dried fruit industry is thriving. The country has a strong commitment to quality, and it is working to expand its production and processing capacity.